Woman
Home » General » Conditions

MOST SKIN CONCERNS CAN BE CONTROLLED AND TREATED WITH PROPER CARE.
Due to innovations and advancements in medical dermatology, skin concerns such as acne, rosacea, and pigmentation problems, in addition to other skin concerns can be controlled and treated. For example, there are many safe and effective medical treatments that can completely eliminate acne and minimize pigmentation problems. Additionally, there are many cosmetic procedures that can reduce the appearance of age spots, facial discolorations and acne scars.

Yardy Tse, MD is Board Certified by the American Board of Dermatology and a Fellow of the American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery. Practicing in San Diego for over 15 years, Dr Tse is recognized by physicians and patients alike for her expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer. Dr. Tse is also highly regarded for her proficiency in laser surgery and cosmetic medicine.

ACNE
Acne is a hormone reaction that creates excess sebum, a substance produced by the skin's oil glands. Sebum attracts bacteria and clogs the pores, which then become inflamed - resulting in outbreaks of lesions commonly called pimples. In this day and age, there is no need to live with acne - there are many safe and effective medical treatments that can completely eliminate acne and many cosmetic procedures that can reduce the appearance of acne scars.

ECZEMA
Eczema is a specific medical condition that causes the skin to become irritated or inflamed. Eczema is often referred to as atopic dermatitis. Eczema is particularly common in young children and infants. While many outgrow the condition, some continue to experience symptoms on and off throughout life. Affected areas are usually extremely itchy and appear scaly, dry and thickened - and most commonly occur on the face, knees, hands or feel. This skin disease can be controlled in the majority of cases with proper treatment.

HAIR LOSS/ALOPECIA
Anyone of any age can experience hair loss. Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss and is characterized by a pattern of baldness. Excessive hair lost from the scalp can be the result of heredity, certain medications or an underlying medical condition. It is important to seek proper diagnosis to understand the cause of hair loss and best possible treatment for your condition. Treatment can prevent hair loss and can help hair re-growth.

Permanent hair loss: male-pattern baldness, female-pattern baldness and Cicatricial (scarring) alopecia
Temporary hair loss: Alopecia areata, Telogen effluvium and Traction alopecia

MOLES
Moles are pigmented cells that appear in a variety of colors, shapes and sizes - and can develop almost anywhere on the body. The surface of a mole can be smooth or wrinkled, flat or raised. While most moles are harmless, others may become cancerous, which is why it is so important to monitor moles or any other pigmented patches or changes in the skin.

The deadly skin cancer, melanoma, can suddenly begin in or near a mole, or another dark spot on the skin or can arise as a new growth or mole. It is important to know the location and appearance of the moles on your body so that you will be aware of any change and seek medical attention immediately. Suspicious signs of melanoma can be summarized by the A, B, C, D, E's.

  • Asymmetry - one half does not match the other; moles that are not perfectly round
  • Border Irregularity - the edges are ragged, notched or blurred
  • Color - the pigmentation is not uniform. Shades of tan, brown and black are present. Dashes of red, white, and blue add to the mottled appearance.
  • Diameter - the width is greater than six millimeters (about the size of a pencil eraser). Any growth of a mole should be a concern
  • Evolution - any change in a mole may be a sign of melanoma. In addition to changes in size, shape and color, moles may also evolve to develop new signs and/or symptoms, such as itchiness or bleeding

NAIL FUNGUS
Nail fungus occurs when fungi infect one or more of your nails. Nail fungus often begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your nail and then spreads deeper into your nail. Your nail may discolor, thicken and develop crumbling edges - and may become an unsightly and potentially painful problem. Infections are sometimes difficult to treat and may recur- however, medications are available to help eliminate nail fungus.

PIGMENTATION PROBLEMS
Skin pigmentation disorders occur because the body produces either too much or too little melanin. Skin may appear uneven, blotchy, or discolored in concentrated areas. Pigmentation problems are most often a result of a history of unprotected sun exposure or hormone changes - and misdiagnosis is not uncommon. It is important to realize that diligent protection from the sun over the years can eliminate pigmentation problems all together. There are numerous safe and effective topical treatment options available for combating various pigmentation problems, such as hydroquinone, tretinoin, AHA's and kojic acid. However, proper diagnosis by a physician is crucial for positive treatment results.

PSORIASIS
Psoriasis is a persistent, chronic skin disease that affects the life cycle of skin cells. These cells rapidly build up on the surface of the skin, forming thick silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches. Psoriasis patches can range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions that cover large areas. For some, psoriasis is simply a nuisance and for others - it can be more severe, painful and disabling. While there is no cure for psoriasis, medical treatment can significantly improve symptoms.

ROSACEA
Rosacea is a chronic (long-term) skin disease characterized by redness, pimples, and, in advanced stages, thickened skin. Rosacea usually affects the face and sometimes the eyes. Affecting over 14 million Americans, rosacea is often misdiagnosed and extremely tricky to treat. Studies have shown that 78 percent of Americans have no knowledge of this condition, including how to recognize it. If left untreated, rosacea can cause significant psychological, social and occupational problems. While the cause of rosacea is unknown and there is no cure, medical treatment can control the signs and symptoms.

SKIN CYSTS
Cysts are common on the skin and can appear anywhere on the body. Generally, cysts are slow-growing, painless and smooth to the touch, and often feel like a pea under the skin. They are noncancerous closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with puss, fluid or other material. Cysts can be surgically removed or treated with steroids.

SKIN TAGS
A skin tag is a benign flap of tissue that hangs off by a connecting stalk. Skin tags usually appear in middle age and are not painful or dangerous. However, they can become irritated and often occur in areas of friction such as the neck, under the collar or under the breast from a bra rubbing. Skin tags should always be clinically removed by a medical professional.

SKIN RASHES
The term skin rash is a general term that means an outbreak of bumps on the body that changes the way skin looks and feels. Rashes can be localized in one area or can be widespread. It is important to seek proper diagnosis - the term "rash" can refer to many different skin conditions. Common rash categories are as follows:

  • Scaly patches of skin not caused by an infection
  • Scaly patches of skin produced by a bacterial or fungal infection
  • Red, itchy bumps or patches - all over the body

SUN DAMAGE
Just a few minutes of sun exposure each day, over many years, can cause significant changes to our skin. Freckles, age spots, spider veins on the face, rough and uneven skin texture, loose skin, a blotchy complexion - and skin cancer - are all directly linked to sun exposure. Scientific studies have shown that repeated exposure to the sun breaks down collagen and attacks our elastin. Our skin essentially becomes sun-weakened - resulting in a loose, wrinkled and leathery appearance.

A Proactive Approach to Aging and Sun Damage

  • Slow premature aging by practicing good skin care habits and diligently protecting your skin from the sun.
  • Start each day by wearing a quality "broad-spectrum" sunblock of SPF 30 or greater and reapply every 1 to 2 hours.
  • Proper and consistent sunscreen use alone allows some repair as well as protection from further sun damage.
  • There are many products and multitasking treatment options available, such as topical smoothers, aesthetic injectables and laser resurfacing for combatin the visible signs of damaged or aging skin.

WARTS
Warts are benign skin growths that are caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). There are more than 60 kinds of HPV - some of which tend to cause warts on the skin. HPV stimulates the quick growth of cells on the skin's outer layer, resulting in warts on the bottom of the feet (the plantar surface), flat warts or genital warts. In most cases, warts appear on the fingers, near the fingernails, or on the hands. Warts are seen on people of all ages - however, most commonly appear in children and teenagers. It is important to recognize that some warts found near nails have been associated with skin cancer. Warts should be scrutinized by a dermatologist and management will be determined based on an individual's age as well as size, number and location of warts. Without treatment, warts can spread.